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English for academe> B1 unit 2> 

Grammar 1

Analysing data


1. Look at the sentences below. Which are data and which are anlysis? Two of the sentences contain both data and analysis.

  data   analysis
a. In 1904 spending on food represented some 63% of average UK household income.
b. Although precise data is not available, it is likely that Sainsbury’s has a range of between 15,000 to 20,000 products.
c. By comparison, the ‘shopping basket’ of goods used by the Office for National Statistics, and regarded as representative of the purchases of an average family, consists of only 122 items.
d. Moreover, modern food shopping typically takes place at a single store located out-of-town, in contrast with the multiplicity of markets, butchers, greengrocers and so on, found in British town centres before the 1970s.
e. The causes of this change lie in both ‘supply-side’ and ‘demand-side’ factors.
f. Critics point out that the big-four supermarkets, Tesco, Asda, Sainsbury’s and Morrisons, jointly control 76% of the UK grocery retail market, implying that this restricts competition and genuine consumer choice.


2. Use examples from the sentences above to explain the difference between data and analysis (5 marks).

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